Early Pregnancy

What is considered to be the early pregnancy stage?

Early pregnancy is the first trimester, which starts on the first day of your last period and lasts until the end of week 12.  During early pregnancy your baby grows faster than during any other trimester.  If you want to work out how far along you are and when your expected due date, use our Due Date Calculator. This calculator depends on your periods being a regular 28 day cycle. If your cycles are longer, shorter or irregular your doctor will need to confirm your days after a dating scan.

Which scans and tests should I have when?

There are a number of different antenatal tests to confirm that the pregnancy and the baby’s development are progressing well:

What signs and symptoms should I expect? Do these change throughout pregnancy? 

Pregnancy symptoms vary widely from one women to another and are thought to be related to the changing hormones experienced in early pregnancy. Many women experience symptoms such as sore breasts, nausea and vomiting, being tired and having strange cravings. Pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and vomiting usually subside as the pregnancy advances. 

About 7 in 10 women experience nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy, but in most cases these symptoms disappear by 12 to 14 weeks.  

What red flag symptoms should I be aware of? 

Sadly some women experience complications during their pregnancy and often these can occur during early pregnancy.  Important key warning symptoms include vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, excessive nausea and vomiting, dizziness and shoulder tip pain.  

If you experience any of these symptoms please seek medical advice.

What is considered as recurrent miscarriages? 

This is defined as a woman having a history of three or more consecutive miscarriages. Some people choose to be investigated after 2 miscarriages. Recurrent miscarriage testing may provide vital information for future conceiving reassurance and answers. However as random chromosomal abnormalities may play a major role, the investigations may be normal. Our recurrent miscarriage testing package includes all the key tests to help identify the reasons for miscarriage.

Should you change your diet when you are pregnant? 

There are certain foods which are advised for pregnant women to avoid because they can be risky to the development of your baby especially in early pregnancy, these include:

Should I take supplements during my pregnancy? 

Certain nutrients are essential in pregnancy to help the developing baby. The key ones are folic acid, omega 3, and vitamin D. 

What happens if I bleed or experience spotting in early pregnancy? 

Bleeding and spotting in early pregnancy is fairly common (40-50% of pregnancies) and can cause worry and concern for women. In many of these cases, reassurance is given by an ultrasound scan to show the developing baby. Unexplained bleeding in early pregnancy may be due to the developing embryo implanting within the uterine lining or hormonal changes. 

Is it okay to take off the shelf pain killers in early pregnancy? 

Paracetamol is safe during pregnancy but any other medication should be avoided unless advised by a doctor. 

If you would like to find out more about our early pregnancy package please click here. If you would like to book an appointment or have any further questions please give us a call on 0207 10 11 700.